Kriminalisasi Marital Rape: Eksistensi dan Pembuktiannya
Generally, marriage is a moment of happiness, but it cannot deny that when marriage occurs, it brings misery in it such as Domestic Violence. There are several causes of Domestic Violence which split into various aspects, and one of them is sexual violence. This often makes the wife in a weak position or has a more inferior position, making her victim of her husband. The marital status that binds the wife as the victim and the husband as the perpetrator should not abolish the woman's rights over her body. The wife's position as a victim causes her physical and psychological traumatization, making the community also take responsibility by providing moral support. Not necessarily blaming the victim and justifying the behaviour of the perpetrator because it is still considered forbidden for the community to interfere in household matters. Any form of violence and its occurrence is not something that can be accepted and justified in the rule of law in each country. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to discuss acts related to sexual harassment without the victim's consent even in a marriage bond, known as marital rape. In Indonesia, the criminal act of domestic violence is regulated in Act No. 23 of 2004, which concerns the elimination of domestic violence, requires a clear and firm implementation, because the law must provide protection to victims and the accountability of perpetrators of such violence must be adjusted to the applied laws and regulations.
Arfa, N. (2015). Analisis Yuridis Terhadap Tindak Pidana Kekerasan Seksual Dalam Rumah Tangga Menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga. INOVATIF: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum.
Bennice, J. A., & Ressick, P. A. (2003). Marital Rape: History, Research, and Practice. Sage Publications.
Chilmiati, N., & Sularto, R. B. (2014). Kebijakan Advokasi Terhadap Perempuan Dan Anak Berbasis Perlindungan Korban Kekerasan. Jurnal Law Reform, 9(2), 111.
Elaine, K., Martin, & al, e. (2006). A Review of Marital Rape. United States: Science Direct.
Erlytawati, N., & Lukitasari, D. (2015). Tindak Pidana Perkosaan Dalam Perkawinan (Marital Rape) Dalam Perbandingan Hukum Pidana Indonesia Dan Singapura. Recidive, 4(1), 44.
Filip, O. L., & Popp, L. E. (2021). Psychosocial Implications of Marital Rape. MATEC Web of Conferences.
Hariyanto. (1997). Dampak Sosio-Psikologis Korban Tindak Pidana Perkosaan Terhadap Perempuan. Jogjakarta: Pusat Studi Perempuan Universitas Gajah Mada.
KomPer. (2021). CATAHU 2020 Komnas Perempuan Lembar Fakta dan Poin Kunci. Available online from: https://komnasperempuan.go.id/siaran-pers-detail/catahu-2020-komnas-perempuan-lembar-fakta-dan-poin-kunci-5-maret-2021. [Accessed September 23, 2021].
Luhulima, A. S. (2014). CEDAW: Menegakkan Hak Asasi Perempuan. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.
Manderson, L., & Bennett, L. R. (2004). Violence against Women in Asian Society. In L. Riggins, Criminalizing Marital Rape in Indonesia (pp. 422, 437). Boston: Boston College Third World Law Journals.
Mengo, C., Okumu, M., & Ombayo, B. (2019). Marital Rape and HIV Risk in Uganda: The Impact of Women’s Empowerment Factors. Sage Publications.
Mulyadi, & Lilik. (2012). Bunga Rampai Hukum Pidana: Perspektif Teoritis dan Praktik. Bandung: PT Alumni.
Pandey, G. (2021). In India, growing clamour to criminalise rape within marriage. Available online from: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-58358795. Accessed: September 25, 2021.
Raka, I. G., & Rensen, M. G. (2020). Urgensi Pengaturan Kriminalisasi Marital Rape Dalam Ruu KUHP Indonesia. Kertha Wicara: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 9(4), 8.
Ramadhanti, N. D. (2019). Analisis Fatwa MUI Nomor 02/MUNAS-IX/MUI/2015. Walisongo.
RI. (n.d.). Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana.
Saputra, A. (2015). Lagi, Suami Dipenjara karena Memperkosa Istrinya. Available online from: https://news.detik.com/berita/d-2959821/lagi-suami-dipenjara-karena-memperkosa-istrinya. Accessed: September 25, 2021.
Sari, A. A., & Sularto, R. B. (2019). Kebijakan Formulasi Kekerasan Seksual Terhadap Istri (Marital Rape) Berbasis Keadilan Gender Di Indonesia. Jurnal Pembangunan Hukum Indonesia, 1(1), 118.
Setyawan, W. B., & Mahmud, H. (2018). Menggagas Model Restorative Justice Terhadap Tindak Pidana Marital Rape Dalam Membentuk Perlindungan Terhadap Perempuan Yang Sesuai Dengan Norma Hukum Di Indonesia. Jurnal Ius Constituendum, 3(1), 71, 78.
Siburian, R. J. (2020). Marital Rape Sebagai Tindak Pidana Dalam Ruu-Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual. Jurnal Yuridis 7(1), 3.
Tamara, A. C., Sumilat, V. V., & Turangan, D. D. (2021). Eksistensi Penemuan Hukum Dan Asas Legalitas Dalam Hukum Pidana Indonesia (Studi Kasus Putusan Pengadilan Negeri Bengkulu Nomor 410/Pid.B/2014/PN.BGL Tentang Tindak Pidana Perkosaan). Lex Crimen, 10(3), 71.
WHO. (2021). Violence against women. Available online from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/violence-against-women. Accessed: [September 30, 2021].
Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
All articles published in YUSTIKA are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA) license. This means anyone is free to copy, transform, or redistribute articles for any lawful purpose in any medium, provided they give appropriate attribution to the original author(s) and YUSTIKA, link to the license, indicate if changes were made, and redistribute any derivative work under the same license.
Copyright on articles is retained by the respective author(s), without restrictions. A non-exclusive license is granted to YUSTIKA to publish the article and identify itself as its original publisher, along with the commercial right to include the article in a hardcopy issue for sale to libraries and individuals.
Although the conditions of the CC BY-SA license don't apply to authors (as the copyright holder of your article, you have no restrictions on your rights), by submitting to YUSTIKA, authors recognize the rights of readers, and must grant any third party the right to use their article to the extent provided by the license.