The manuscript texts are written in English. Manuscripts will be first reviewed by editorial boards. The main text of a manuscript must be submitted as a Word document (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) file. The manuscript consists of around 15 pages, well-typed in single column on A4 size paper, use 12 pt of Times New Roman. The manuscript contains an original work and have potentially contribute to the highly scientific advancement.


The manuscript should contain the following section in this order:
a. Title
Title of articles in English should describe the main content of manuscripts, be informative, concise, and not too wordy, and does not contain formulas. Title should contain  15 words at the most. The title should be written in bold capital letters, with a letter size of 14 pt, single spaced and centered.

b. The author’s name

The author’s name is written without academic degree and last name must not be abbreviated, bold, 12 pt. The author’s identity should be accompanied with instution’s name and email address, bold, 12 pt. If there are more than one authors, the identity of the other author(s) should be written com­pletely.

c. Name of affiliation for each author

The author name should be accompanied by Name of Department, Name of Institution, Country and email address.

d. Abstract

Written briefly in English in one paragraph of 200 words, containing background, research objectives, methodology, results, conclusion of the study and your research contributions to science. The abstract should be written in one paragraph, single spaced, in Times New Roman letter with a size of 12 pt.

e. Keywords

Written in English 3-5 words or groups of words, written alphabetically. The keywords are written in Italics, in regular letters with a capital at the beginning of the first keyword and ended with a period.

f. Introduction

Explaining the background, problems, importance of research, brief literature review that relates directly to research or previous findings that need to be developed, and ended with a paragraph of research purposes. A balance must be kept between the pure and applied aspects of the subject.The introduction is presented in the form of paragraphs of approximately 1000 words.

g. Research Methods

Make sure that work can be repeated according to the details provided. It contains technical information of the study presented clearly. Therefore, readers can conduct research based on the techniques presented. Materials and equipment specifications are necessary. Approaches or procedures of study together with data analysis methods must be presented.

h. Results and Discussion

Well-prepared tables and or figures must be of significant feature of this section, because they convey the major observations to readers. Any information provided in tables and figures should no longer be repeated in the text, but the text should focus on the importance of the principal findings of the study. In general, journal papers will contain three-seven figures and tables. Same data can not be presented in the form of tables and figures. The results of the study are discussed to address the problem formulated, objectives and research hypotheses. It is higly suggested that discussion be focused on the why and how of the research findings can happen and to extend to which the research findins can be applied to other relevant problems.

i. Conclusion

Conclusion should be withdrawn on the basis of research findings, formulated concerns and research purposes. Conclusion is presented in one paragraph without numerical form of expression. Explain your research contributions to science.

j. Acknowledgement

Contributors who are not mentioned as authors should be acknowledged, and their particular contribution should be described. All sources of funding for the work must be acknowledged, both the research funder and the grant number (if applicable) should be given for each source of funds

k. References

Manuscripts are written by using standard citation application (Mendeley/Endnote/Zotero). APA (American Psychological Association) reference style is required. Citing an article written by two authors, both of authors should be mentioned, however, for three and more authors only the first author is mentioned followed by et al., for example: Murhadi & Sutedja  (2019), Murhadi et al. (2019). A series of references should be presented in ascending date order (Anandya et al., 2015; Marciano et al., 2017; Mahadwartha, 2019). Different publications with the same author(s) and year will be presented separately, as follows 2013a, 2013b.  

In the reference list, the references should be listed in an alphabetical order. More or less 80% references for literature reviews should be the recent (up to date) journals published in the last 10 years, but the rest of 20 % references can be cited from research reports and or articles. 

l.Presenting Tables

  • Each table is given a chronological number (Arabic numeral), title of the table, and source if the table is taken from other sources.
  • Number and title of table is written above the table, TNR 12 in bold letters and center
  • Number of table is written above title of table, with a capital letter at the beginning of each word.
  • Table title is written under table number, with a capital letter at the beginning of each word.
  • Table source is written under the table, left aligned, TNR 10. Example: Source: World bank, 2016.
  • Table is written in 11 letters and single spaced.
  • Table design: Table title and column title, column title and table content, table content and table source, are separated by horizontal lines (vertical lines are not necessary).
  • Chronological numbers are not necessary inside the table.




m.Presenting Picture/Diagram

  • Each picture is given a chronological number (Arabic numeral), title of the picture, and source if the picture is taken from other sources.
  • Number and title of picture is written below the picture, written in one line, TNR in bold letters and center No. of picture is ended with a period.
  • Number and title of picture is written with a capital letter at the beginning of the sentence.
  • Picture source is written under the number and title of picture, center
  • The letters in the picture is written in 10 letters and single spaced.