The Influence of Motivation and Training Entrepreneurship on The Performance of SME Entrepreneurs Modulated by Organizational Culture

  • Nanis Hairunisya University of Merdeka Malang, Indonesia
  • Syaiful Arifin University of Merdeka Malang, Indonesia
  • Fatmasari Endayani University of Merdeka Malang, Indonesia
  • Meinar Puspasari University of Merdeka Malang, Indonesia
Abstract Views: 37 times
PDF Downloads: 40 times
Keywords: Entrepreneurship Training, Motivation, Organizational Culture, Performance


Purpose: This research aims to determine the relationship between motivation, entrepreneurship training and performance, as well as organizational culture as a moderator variable.

Method: Respondents numbered 113 SMEs, former TKI who had received entrepreneurship training from the Manpower Service. Primary data was collected using a questionnaire and processed using PLS model path analysis assisted by the SmartPLS 3.0 program.

Result: The research results are as follows: (1) Motivation has no effect on performance; (2) Entrepreneurship training influences performance; (3) organizational culture influences performance; (4) organizational culture as a moderating predictor variable has a significant effect on performance but is unable to moderate the influence of motivation and entrepreneurship training on the performance of SME entrepreneurs. The impact of entrepreneurship motivation and training may vary depending on other factors, such as stakeholder interests and local culture. These last two variables could be opportunities for further research.


Download data is not yet available.


Agu, A. G., Kalu, O. O., Esi-Ubani, C. O., & Agu, P. C. (2021). Drivers of sustainable entrepreneurial intentions among university students: an integrated model from a developing world context. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 22(3), 659-680.

Agyare, R., Yuhui, G., Abrokwah, E., & Agyei, J. (2019). Organisational culture moderation of interpersonal trust and affective commitment in health care non-governmental organisations in Ghana. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 29(3): 217-222.

Aizuddin, N. M. M. N., & Adam, S. (2021). A Review on Impact of Entrepreneurship Training Program towards Entrepreneur’s Entrepreneurial Performance. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 11(4), 771–779.

Al-Awlaqi, M. A., Aamer, A. M., & Habtoor, N. (2021). The effect of entrepreneurship training on entrepreneurial orientation: Evidence from a regression discontinuity design on microsized businesses. The International Journal of Management Education, 19(1), 100267.

Alharthy, A. A. H., & Marni, N. Bin. (2020). Training Impact on the Human Resources Performance. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 55(3), 1-6.

Arliyani, A., Suliyanto, S., & Wulandari, S. Z. (2020). The Effect of Intrinsic Motivation on The Performance of Outsourcing Employees Using Proactive Personality Factors As Moderating Variables. Journal and Proceeding FEB Unsoed, 10(1), 305–316.

Arvey, R. D., & Murphy, K. R. (1998). Performance evaluation in work settings. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 141–168.

Astono, A. D., Turmudhi, A., & Astohar. (2020). Pengaruh Motivasi Kerja dan Disiplin Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan yang Dimoderasi oleh Budaya Organisasi pada Primer KPRI Anggota PKPRI Kota Semarang. Proceeding Seminar Nasional & Call For Papers, 20–30.

Astuti, W., & Amalia, L. (2022). The Relationship between Work Motivation, Job Satisfaction, and Employee Performance: The Moderating Role of Psychology Capital and The Mediating Role of Organizational Commitment. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Management, 15(1), 102–128.

Beswick, C., Bishop, D., & Geraghty, J. (2015). Building a Culture of Innovation. Kogan Page.

Brewer, Rinaldi, G., Mogoutov, A., & Valente, T. (2000). A Quantitative Review of Associative Patterns in the Recall of Persons. Linton C. Freeman Festschrift. Journal of Social Structure, 6(January), 1–21.

Cepeda-Carrion, G., Cegarra-Navarro, J.-G., & Cillo, V. (2019). Tips to use partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) in knowledge management. Journal of Knowledge Management, 23(1), 67–89.

Dewi, N. N., & Wibowo, R. (2020). The effect of leadership style, organizational culture and motivation on employee performance. Management Science Letters, 10(9), 2037–2044.

Dyer, C. (2018). The Power of Company Culture: How any business can build a culture that improves productivity, performance and profits. Kogan Page.

Evi, Z., Arista, Y., Maulida, S., & Rahadian, A. (2020). Ex-Migrant Workers’ Sisterhood: Case Study on ‘Desbumi’ and ‘Desmigratif’ Programs in Wonosobo District. Jurnal Perempuan, 25(3), 209.

Farage, M. A., Miller, K. W., Ajayi, F., & Hutchins, D. (2012). Design principles to accommodate older adults. Global Journal of Health Science, 4(2), 2–25.

Farhah, A., Ahiri, J., & Ilham, M. (2020). Pengaruh Motivasi Kerja Dan Disiplin Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan. Jurnal Online Program Studi Pendidikan Ekonomi, 5(1), 1.

Ganefri, G., Hidayat, H., Yulastri, A., & Ifdil, I. (2020). Need analysis of the production based entrepreneurship training model: learning entrepreneurship in higher education. COUNSEDU: The International Journal of Counseling and Education, 5(2), 58–63.

Gawel, J. E. (1997). Herzberg ’ s Theory of Motivation and Maslow ’ s Hierarchy of Herzberg ’ s Theory of

Motivation and Maslow ’ s Hierarchy of Needs. ERIC/AE Digest. 5(1996), 1–6.

Gubernur Jawa Timur. (2021). Peraturan Gubernur Jawa Timur No. 107 Tahun 2021 tentang Kedudukan, Susunan Organisasi, Uraian Tugas dan Fungsi serta Tata Kerja Dinas Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Provinsi Jawa Timur (p. 28).

Haedar, H., Apriyanti, A., & Kasran, M. (2021). The Effect of Motivation on Employee Performance with Organizational Culture as a Moderating Variable. Kontigensi : Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen, 9(2), 653–659.

Hair, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2016). A Primer on Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) (2nd ed.). SAGE Publications.

Husein, A. S. (2015). Penelitian Bisnis dan Manajemen Menggunakan Partial Least Square dengan smartPLS 3.0. Universitas Brawijaya.

Idris, I, Adi, K. R., Soetjipto, B. E., & Supriyanto, A. S. (2020). The mediating role of job satisfaction on compensation, work environment, and employee performance: Evidence from Indonesia. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 8(2), 735–750.

Istiqomah, P., & Alfansi, L. (2023). Navigating Style: Exploring the Influence of Perceived Benefit and Perceived Ease of Use on Attitude Towards Use in AI-Enhanced Fashion E-Commerce. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Business, 5(1), 1–14.

Iwu, C. G., Opute, P. A., Nchu, R., Eresia-Eke, C., Tengeh, R. K., Jaiyeoba, O., & Aliyu, O. A. (2021). Entrepreneurship education, curriculum and lecturer-competency as antecedents of student entrepreneurial intention. International Journal of Management Education, 19(1), 100295.

Kahar, A., Muh. Ikbal, A., Tampang, Masdar, R., & Masrudin. (2022). Value chain analysis of total quality control, quality performance and competitive advantage of agricultural SMEs. Uncertain Supply Chain Management, 10(2).

Latan, H., & Noonan, R. (2017). Partial Least Squares Path Modeling Basic Concepts, Methodological

Issues and Applications. Springer Link.

Lucas, H. (1971). Performance Evaluation and Monitoring. ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), 3(3), 79–91.

Machmud, S., & Sidharta, I. (2016). Entrepreneurial motivation and business Performance of SMEs in the Suci Clothing Center, Bandung, Indonesia. DLSU Business and Economics Review, 25(2), 63-78. Maha Putra, D., & Nasution. (2024). The Role of Organizational Culture on Employee Performance through Job Satisfaction and Work Motivation. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Business, 5(1 SE-Articles), 55–68.

Mahardika, C. G., & Luturlean, B. S. (2020). The Effect Of Training On Employee Performance of PT Astra International Tbk -Toyota Sales Operation (AUTO2000) Soekarno Hatta Bandung Branch. Almana: Jurnal Manajemen Dan Bisnis, 4(3), 388–391.

Majali, T., Alkaraki, M., Asad, M., Aladwan, N., & Aledeinat, M. (2022). Green Transformational Leadership, Green Entrepreneurial Orientation and Performance of SMEs: The Mediating Role of Green Product Innovation. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, 8(4), 191.

Malik, M. E., & Naeem, B. (2013). Towards understanding controversy on Herzberg theory of motivation. World Applied Sciences Journal, 24(8), 1031–1036.

Maslow, A. H. (2017). A theory of human motivation. Defining and Classifying Children in Need, 101–127.

Mateos-Aparicio, G. (2011). Partial Least Squares (PLS) Methods: Origins, Evolution, and Application to Social Sciences. Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, 40(13), 2305–2317.

Mindarti, L. I., Nabila, P., Rosalinda, H., & Yustiari, S. H. (2022). The Governance of Ex- Indonesian Migrant Workers Empowerment Based on Entrepreneur Skill in Malang. Karsa: Journal of Social and Islamic Culture, 30(1), 55–76.

Montes-Martínez, R. (2020). Training in Entrepreneurship Competences, Challenges for Educational Institutions: Systematic Literature Review. In ACM International Conference Proceeding Series (pp. 358–364).

Muis, M. R., Jufrizen, J., & Fahmi, M. (2018). Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi Dan Komitmen Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan. Jesya: Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Ekonomi Syariah, 1(1), 9–25.

Pouw, Y., & Ibrahim, H. M. B. H. (2022). The Influence of Human Resources Development, Positioning, Motivation and Work Discipline on the Performance of the State Civil Apparatus at the Financial Asset Management Regional Office of Papua Province. Journal of Economics Review (JOER), 2(2).

Prahestiwi, E. R., Sadikin, A., & Saripah, L. (2021). Society’s Entrepreneurship During The Pandemic Through The Water Hyacinth Handicraft in The Village of Walahar Klari Distric of West Java. Spektrum: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah, 9(2), 276-286.

Ratten, V., & Usmanij, P. (2021). Entrepreneurship education: Time for a change in research direction? International Journal of Management Education, 19(1), 100367.

Rijanti, T., Santoso, A. B., Indriyaningrum, K., & Kurnia, D. (2021). Pengaruh Kompensasi dan Worklife Balance Terhadap Kinerja dengan Budaya Organisasi Sebagai Variabel Moderasi pada Pegawai Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Proceeding SENDI_U, 327–333.

Sakib, M. N., Rabbani, M. R., Hawaldar, I. T., Jabber, M. A., Hossain, J., & Sahabuddin, M. (2022). Entrepreneurial Competencies and SMEs’ Performance in a Developing Economy. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(20), 1–18.

Salkind, N. J. (2008). Quantitative research methods. In Encyclopedia of Educational Psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 833-838). SAGE Publications, Inc.,

Sapitri, D., & Pancasasti, R. (2022). Efek Moderasi Budaya Organisasi Untuk Peningkatan Kinerja Karyawan. Technomedia Journal, 6(2 Februari), 252–262.

Saputri, P., Lorensa, D., Asriani, A., & ZA, S. Z. (2020). the Influence of Training and

Development To Employee Performance. International Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting Research (IJEBAR), 4(01), 133–140.

Sholeh, A. N., Nazir, A., Indra Nizar, N., Yani Nasution, A., & Putranto, I. (2021). Manajemen Kewirausahaan Bagi Para Penggiat Bisnis Pemula Pimpinan Ranting Gerakan Pemuda Ansor Kelurahan Petir, Kecamatan Cipondoh, Kota Tangerang. Indonesian Journal of Society Engagement, 1(2): 86-96.

Singh, R., Chandrashekar, D., Subrahmanya Mungila Hillemane, B., Sukumar, A., & Jafari-Sadeghi, V. (2022). Network cooperation and economic performance of SMEs: Direct and mediating impacts of innovation and internationalisation. Journal of Business Research, 148, 116–130.

Sitzmann, T., & Weinhardt, J. M. (2018). Training engagement theory: A multilevel perspective on the effectiveness of work-related training. Journal of Management, 44(2), 732– 756.

Sitzmann, T., & Weinhardt, J. M. (2018). Training Engagement Theory: A Multilevel Perspective on the Effectiveness of Work-Related Training. Journal of Management, 44(2), 732–756.

Subari, S., & Riady, H. (2015). Influence of Training, Competence and Motivation on Employee Performance, Moderated By Internal Communications. American Journal of Business and Management, 4(3).

Supriana, T., & Nasution, L. (2010). The Role of Ex-Migrant Worker Enterprise Toward Local Economic Development and Factors that Influence Income of Ex-Migrant Enterprise in Sumatera Utara Province. Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia, 14(1), 42.

Utomo, K.P.. (2021). Dasar Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan. Bandung: Widina Bhakti Persada.

Younas, W., Farooq, M., Khalil-Ur-Rehman, F., & Zreen, A. (2022). The Impact of Training and Development on Employee Performance IOSR Journals The Impact of Training and Development on Employee Performance. Research in Management of Technology and Business, 2(7), 20-23.

Zhao, L., Li, H., & Chen, L. (2022). Factors Influencing Chinese College Students’ Innovation and Entrepreneurship Ability: The Moderating Effect Test Based on Entrepreneurial Atmosphere. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(20), 13020.

Zid, M., Alkhudri, A.T., Casmana, A.R., Marini, A., Wahyudi, A. (2020). Ex Migrant Workers of International Women and Social Entrepreneurship: Study at Kenanga Village in Indramayu Regency in West Java Province in Indonesia. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(06), 1855 - 1861. Retrieved from

How to Cite
Hairunisya, N., Arifin, S., Endayani, F., & Puspasari, M. (2024). The Influence of Motivation and Training Entrepreneurship on The Performance of SME Entrepreneurs Modulated by Organizational Culture . Journal of Entrepreneurship and Business, 5(2), 140-153.