Analisis Komparasi Daya Saing Ekspor Teh Indonesia dan Vietnam Serta Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Daya Saing Teh Indonesia

  • Devi Eka Ratnasari 1Fakultas Bisnis dan Ekonomika Universitas Surabaya Kalingrungkut, Surabaya 60293 ‐ Indonesia
  • Suyanto Fakultas Bisnis dan Ekonomika Universitas Surabaya Kalingrungkut, Surabaya 60293 ‐ Indonesia
  • Made Siti Sundari1 Fakultas Bisnis dan Ekonomika Universitas Surabaya Kalingrungkut, Surabaya 60293 ‐ Indonesia
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Keywords: Competitiveness, Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Dynamic Revealed Comparative Advantage (DRCA), Export, Tea, Exchange Rate, Export Prices, Production, Exports Volume, Ordinary Least Square (OLS), Indonesia-Vietnam., Daya Saing, Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Dynamic Revealed Comparative Advantage (DRCA), Ekspor, Teh, Nilai Tukar, Harga ekspor, Produksi, Volume ekspor, Analisis Linear Berganda, Indonesia-Vietnam.

Abstract

Abstrak--Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk membandingkan daya saing dari komoditi teh Indonesia dengan Vietnam di pasar global dan juga untuk menganalisis pengaruh Harga ekspor, Produksi, Volume ekspor dan Nilai tukar terhadap daya saing komoditi teh Indonesia. Perbandingan di analisa menggunakan penelitian komparatif dengan metode deksriptif. Data yang digunakan data sekunder dari tahun 2001-2016, mencakup: 1) Kurs rupiah terhadap Dolar Amerika; 2) Harga ekspor teh Indonesia; 3) Jumlah produksi komoditi teh Indonesia; 4) Volume ekspor komoditi Indonesia. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah: a) Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA); b) Dynamic Revealed Comparative Advantage (DRCA); dan c) Analisis Regresi Linear Berganda. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa: 1) komoditas teh Indonesia memiliki daya saing tinggi karena memiliki nilai RCA lebih dari 1, namun daya saing teh Vietnam masih lebih unggul; 2) teh Vietnam masih menguasai pasar dengan nilai DRCA yang terus unggul lebih besar dari 1 sedangkan teh Indonesia semakin kehilangan pasar dikarenakan nilai RCA yang terus mengalami penurunan sehingga menyebabkan nilai DRCA juga terus menurun; 3) harga ekspor dan volume ekspor berpengaruh signifikan terhadap daya saing teh Indonesia di pasar internasional.

Kata Kunci: Daya Saing, Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Dynamic Revealed Comparative Advantage (DRCA), Ekspor, Teh, Nilai Tukar, Harga ekspor, Produksi, Volume ekspor, Analisis Linear Berganda, Indonesia-Vietnam.

Abstract--The purpose of this research was to compare the competitiveness of commodities Indonesia’s tea and Vietnam’s tea in the global market and also to analyse the influence of export prices, production, Volume of exports and the rate of exchange against the competitiveness of Indonesia's tea commodities. Comparison in this analysis using comparative research with descriptive. The data used are secondary data from the years 2001-2016, including: 1) the rupiah exchange rate against the dollar; 2) tea export prices of Indonesia; 3) production of Indonesia’s tea; 4) exports volume of Indonesia’s tea. Analysis tools used are: a) Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA); b) Dynamic Revealed Comparative Advantage (DRCA); and c) Ordinary Least Square (OLS), Results of the study found that: 1) tea commodities Indonesia has high competitiveness due to RCA has a value greater than 1, but the competitiveness of Vietnam was still superior to tea; 2) Vietnam’s tea still controlled the global market with the value of the DRCA continues to greater than 1 while Indonesia's tea market due to the lost value of RCA who continued to decline so that it causes the value of the DRCA also continues to decline; 3) export prices and export volume effect significantly to the competitiveness of Indonesia's tea in the international market.

Keywords: Competitiveness, Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Dynamic Revealed Comparative Advantage (DRCA), Export, Tea, Exchange Rate, Export Prices, Production, Exports Volume, Ordinary Least Square (OLS), Indonesia-Vietnam.

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Published
2021-05-31