The Adaptation of a Brief Adolescent Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS), the Student Subjective Well-Being Scale in the Indonesian Context [Adaptasi BASWBSS, Skala Kesejahteraan Subjektif Siswa dalam Konteks Indonesia]

  • Wuri Prasetyawati The University of Queensland; Universitas Indonesia
  • Tjut Rifameutia Universitas Indonesia
  • Robyn Gillies The University of Queensland
  • Peter Newcombe The University of Queensland
Abstract Views: 663 PDF - Full Text Downloads: 456
Keywords: Brief Adolescent Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS), instrument adaptation, adaptasi alat ukur, student well-being, kesejahteraan siswa


Well-being is an indicator of students’ happiness in school. There is currently a need to identify students’ well-being in order to know the conditions of students’ mental health and their levels of contentment in school. The existing instruments of student well-being in Indonesia have numerous items, which can impact the participants’ behavior in filling out the questionnaires. Therefore, there was a need for a shorter version of the instruments. This research focused on the adaption of the Brief Adolescent Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS), an instrument for subjective well-being with only eight items and was previously developed by Tian, Wang, and Huebner (2015) among high school students in China. A total of 235 Indonesian students, both high school and first-year university students were the participants in this study. Reliability testing using internal consistency, while construct and criterion validity testing was implemented to test this scale's psychometric properties in the Indonesian context. The result of this study indicated that the adaptation of Brief Adolescent Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS) was valid and reliable for Indonesian students.

Kesejahteraan merupakan indikator kebahagiaan siswa di sekolah. Saat ini, terdapat kebutuhan mengidentifikasi kesejahteraan siswa untuk mengetahui kondisi kesehatan mental dan tingkat kepuasan mereka di sekolah. Alat ukur kesejahteraan siswa yang ada di Indonesia memiliki banyak butir pertanyaan, yang dapat berdampak pada perilaku partisipan dalam mengisi kuesioner. Karenanya, dibutuhkan versi pendek dari alat ukur tersebut. Penelitian ini berfokus pada adaptasi Brief Adolescent Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS), sebuah alat ukur kesejahteraan subjektif dengan delapan butir yang dikembangkan oleh Tian, Wang, dan Huebner (2015) untuk siswa sekolah menengah atas di Tiongkok. Sebanyak 235 siswa Indonesia, yang merupakan siswa sekolah menengah atas dan mahasiswa tahun pertama, menjadi partisipan dalam penelitian ini. Uji reliabilitas dilakukan menggunakan konsistensi internal, sedangkan uji validitas konstruk dan validitas kriteria digunakan untuk menguji aspek psikometri dalam konteks Indonesia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil adaptasi dari Brief Adolescent Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS) valid dan reliabel untuk siswa di Indonesia.


Download data is not yet available.


Aditya, L. D. (2017). Hubungan tujuan hidup dan subjective well-being pada mahasiswa dewasa awal [The relationship of life goal and subjective well-being on early adult university students] [Undergraduate final research paper, Universitas Sanata Dharma Yogyakarta]. Universitas Sanata Dharma Repository.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Irvine, C. K. S., & Walker, D. A. (2014). Introduction to research in education (9th ed.). Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Az Zahra, H., & Udaranti, W. S. (2013). Hubungan school well-being dengan prestasi akademik pada siswa berbakat akademik kelas XI program akselerasi di Jakarta [The relationship of school well-being and academic achievement on academically gifted class XI students of an acceleration program in Jakarta] [Undergraduate final research paper, Universitas Indonesia]. Universitas Indonesia Library.

Borsa, J. C., Damásio, B. F., & Bandeira, D. R. (2012). Adaptação e validação de instrumentos psicológicos entre culturas: Algumas considerações [Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of psychological instrument: Some considerations]. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto), 22(53), 423-432.

Bücker, S., Nuraydin, S., Simonsmeier, B. A., Schneider, M., & Luhmann, M. (2018). Subjective well-being and academic achievement: A meta-analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 74, 83-94.

Coulacoglou, C., & Saklofske, D. H. (2017). Psychometrics and psychological assessment: Principles and applications (1st ed.). Academic Press.

Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American Psychologist, 55(1), 34-43.

Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction With Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71-75.

Fauziyyah, M., & Karyani, U. (2018). Kesejahteraan siswa: Studi komparatif siswa berdasar keikutsertaan kegiatan tahfidz [Student well-being: Comparative study on students based on involvement in tahfidz]. Indigenous: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 2(2), 193-200.

Furr, R. M. (2011). Scale construction and psychometrics for social and personality psychology. SAGE Publications Ltd..

Hair, J. F., Black, B., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2014). Multivariate data analysis: Global edition (7th ed.). Pearson Education.

Hanggoro, Y. (2015). Penelitian deskriptif: Subjective well-being pada biarawati di Yogyakarta [Descriptive research: Subjective well-being of nuns in Yogyakarta] [Undergraduate final research paper, Universitas Sanata Dharma Yogyakarta]. Universitas Sanata Dharma Repository.

Howard, M. C. (2016). A review of exploratory factor analysis decisions and overview of current practices: What we are doing and how can we improve? International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 32(1), 51-62.

Hu, L. -T., & Bentler, P. M. (1998). Fit indices in covariance structure modeling: Sensitivity to underparameterized model misspecification. Psychological Methods, 3(4), 424-453.

Hughes, D. J. (2018). Psychometric validity: Establishing the accuracy and appropriateness of psychometric measures. In P. Irwing, T. Booth, & D. J. Hughes (Eds.), The Wiley handbook of psychometric testing: A multidisciplinary reference on survey, scale and test development (vol. II, pp. 751-779). John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Kurniastuti, I., & Azwar, S. (2014). Construction of Student Well-Being Scale for 4-6th graders. Jurnal Psikologi, 41(1), 1-16.

Lui, P. P., Rollock, D., Chang, E. C., Leong, F. T. L., & Zamboanga, B. L. (2016). Big 5 personality and subjective well-being in Asian Americans: Testing optimism and pessimism as mediators. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 7(4), 274-286.

Maulana, H., Khawaja, N., & Obst, P. (2019). Development and validation of the Indonesian Well‐Being Scale. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 22(3), 268-280.

Meng, H., Huang, P., Hou, N., & Fan, J. (2015). Social self-efficacy predicts Chinese college students' first-year transition: A four-wave longitudinal investigation. Journal of Career Assessment, 23(3), 410-426.

Na'imah, T., & Tanireja, T. (2017). Student well-being pada remaja Jawa [Student well-being in Javanese adolescents]. Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi, 2(1), 1-11.

Oei, T. P. S., & Green, A. L. (2008). The Satisfaction With Therapy and Therapist Scale-Revised (STTS-R) for group psychotherapy: Psychometric properties and confirmatory factor analysis. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39(4), 435-442.

Purnomo, A. B. A. J. (2018). Hubungan antara school well-being dengan motivasi berprestasi pada siswa kelas XI di sekolah menengah atas [The relationship between school well-being with achievement motivation on class XI senior high school students] [Undergraduate final research paper, Universitas Sanata Dharma Yogyakarta]. Universitas Sanata Dharma Repository.

Ramdani, Z., & Prakoso, B. H. (2019). Integritas akademik: Prediktor kesejahteraan siswa di sekolah [Academic integrity: Predictor of student well-being in school]. Indonesian Journal of Educational Assessment, 2(1), 29-40.

Steinmayr, R., Heyder, A., Naumburg, C., Michels, J., & Wirthwein, L. (2018). School-related and individual predictors of subjective well-being and academic achievement. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 2631.

Suldo, S. M., Riley, K. N., & Shaffer, E. (2006). Academic correlates of children and adolescents' life satisfaction. School Psychology International, 27(5), 567-582.

Tian, L., Wang, D., & Huebner, E. J. (2015). Development and validation of the Brief Adolescents’ Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS). Social Indicators Research, 120(2), 615-634.

Tian, L., Yu, T., & Huebner, E. S. (2017). Achievement goal orientations and adolescents’ subjective well-being in school: The mediating roles of academic social comparison directions. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 37.

Tian, L., Zhao, J., & Huebner, E. S. (2015). School-related social support and subjective well-being in school among adolescents: The role of self-system factors. Journal of Adolescence, 45, 138-148.

Tomyn, A. J., & Weinberg, M. K. (2018). Resilience and subjective wellbeing: A psychometric evaluation in young Australian adults. Australian Psychologist, 53(1), 68-76.

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 Tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional [National Policy of the Republic of Indonesia Number 20 Year 2003 Regarding the National Education System]. (2003).

Wati, K. D., & Leonardi, T. (2016). Perbedaan student well-being ditinjau dari persepsi siswa terhadap perilaku internasional guru [The differences of student well-being reviewed from student perception towards teacher international behavior]. Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan dan Perkembangan, 5(1), 18-27.

Wolf, E. J., Harrington, K. M., Clark, S. L., & Miller, M. W. (2013). Sample size requirements for structural equation models: An evaluation of power, bias, and solution propriety. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 73(6), 913-934.

How to Cite
Prasetyawati, W., Rifameutia, T., Gillies, R., & Newcombe, P. (2021). The Adaptation of a Brief Adolescent Subjective Well-Being in School Scale (BASWBSS), the Student Subjective Well-Being Scale in the Indonesian Context [Adaptasi BASWBSS, Skala Kesejahteraan Subjektif Siswa dalam Konteks Indonesia]. ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal, 36(2), 184-203.