Publication Ethics

ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal's ethics statements are based on Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal.

ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal is committed to upholding high ethical principles of publication, and against all forms of academic disintegration practices such as plagiarism and other publication malpractice.


Allegation of Research Misconduct

misconduct refers to fabrication, falsification, citation manipulation, or plagiarism in producing, performing, or reviewing research and in writing it up, or in the reporting of research results. All participants in the peer review and publication process, including authors, editors, and reviewers must take part in ensuring that the research misconduct does not take place throughout the publication process. ANIMA Publication Ethics outlines responsibilities of authors, editors, and reviewers to ensure the accuracy and integrity of the scientific records.

In cases of suspected misconduct, the editors and editorial board will refer to best practices of COPE and Allegations of research errors, falsification, and fabrication by Elsevier to assist them in resolving any complaint and addressing the misconduct fairly. This will include an investigation of the allegation by the editors. A submitted manuscript that is found to contain such misconduct will be rejected. In cases where a published paper is found to involve such misconduct, a retraction will be published and linked to the original article.

Investigation: In this step, editors may determine the validity of the allegation and assess whether it is consistent with the definition of research misconduct. This also involves determining whether the individuals alleging misconduct have relevant conflicts of interest.

If the investigation process leads to a conclusion where scientific misconduct or the presence of other substantial research irregularities is a possibility, the allegations will be communicated with the corresponding author, who, on behalf of all of the co-authors, will be requested to provide a detailed response. After the response is received and evaluated, additional reviews and involvement of experts, such as methodological expert and statistical reviewers, may be needed. For cases in which it is unlikely that misconduct has occurred, clarifications, additional analyses, or both, published as letters to the editor, and often including a correction notice, errata, and correction to the published article, are sufficient.

Rejection: If the corresponding author fails to address or clarify the research irregularities and the editor concludes that research misconduct takes place before publication, the editor must rejects the submitted manuscript. The reason of rejection must be stated in the correspondence with the authors.

If the research misconduct is found after the submitted manuscript has been published, the editor will perform a retraction. The retraction process is explained in the following section.


Publication Process

manuscripts will be subjected to double-blind peer-review process ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal’s expert reviewers.

Submitted manuscripts are subjected to plagiarism checking process.

The factors of consideration in the review process are: (1) relevance; (2) soundness; (3) significance; (4) originality; (5) readability, and (6) academic language quality.

Possible decisions include: (1) acceptance; (2) acceptance with revisions; or (3) rejection.

There is no guarantee that a revised submitted manuscript will be accepted.

Rejected articles will not be re-reviewed.

Manuscript acceptance is constrained by legal requirements such as regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism.

No research can be included in more than one publication.


Publication Authorship

should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. Significant contributions include the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND drafting the work or reviewing it critically for important intellectual content; AND final approval of the version to be published; AND agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Other contributions of the paper by individuals, such as language editing or informal review, may be recognised in the acknowledgements section.


Authors’ Responsibilities

must certify that their manuscripts are their original work and has not previously been published elsewhere or currently being considered for publication elsewhere.

Authors must participate in the peer review process and provide subsequent retractions or corrections of mistakes.

All Authors mentioned in the manuscript must have significantly contributed to the research, with each Authors’ contribution listed in the manuscript.

All data in the paper must be real and authentic. Where possible, authors must declare their data availability statement.

Authors must notify the Editors of any Conflicts of Interest and Funding.

Authors must identify all sources used in the creation of their manuscript in References.

Authors must report any errors discovered in their published manuscript to the Editors.


Reviewers’ Responsibilities

must keep manuscript-related information confidential as privileged information.

Reviews must be conducted objectively and views must be expressed clearly with supporting arguments.

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the Authors and any Reference-related problems or discrepancies.

Reviewers must inform the Editorial Team regarding any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper.

Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which there are potential conflicts of interest resulting relationships or connections with any individuals or institutions related to the papers.


Editors’ Responsibilities

have the responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article while also being responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication by guaranteeing the quality of manuscripts and integrity of the academic record.

Editors must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the editor for originality.

Editors must safeguard the integrity of the published manuscript by reviewing and assessing reported or suspected misconduct including, research, publication, reviewer and editorial processes.

Editors must always consider the authors and readers when attempting to improve the publication.

Editors must publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.

Editors must have a clear picture of a research’s funding sources and potential conflicts of interest.

Editors must base their decisions on, among others, the papers’: (1) importance; (2) originality; (3) clarity; and (4) relevance.

Editors must not reverse their decisions nor overturn the ones of other editors without proper and clear reason or argument.

Editors should organize and use peer review fairly and wisely. Editor should use appropriate peer reviewers for papers that are considered for publication by selecting people with sufficient expertise and avoiding those with conflicts of interest.

Editors must preserve the anonymity of reviewers.

Editors must ensure that all research materials published conform to the accepted ethical guidelines.

Editors must act if they suspect misconduct, on both published and unpublished manuscripts, and reasonably persist in obtaining a resolution.

Editors must reject papers only with proper and clear proof of misconduct.

Editors must not allow any conflicts of interest between any members of ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal.



Any published manuscript will be subject to retraction if:

There is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct or honest error.

Findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification (proven to be a case of redundant publication).

The published manuscript constitutes plagiarism.

The published manuscript reports unethical research

The mechanism of retraction follows the Retraction Guidelines of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).


Publication Decisions

Editor is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal should be published.

The Editor may be guided by the policies of Anima's Editorial Board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism.

The Editor may confer with other Editors or Reviewers in making this decision.


Fair Play

Editor at any time evaluate Manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the Authors.



Editor and any Editorial Staff must not disclose any information about a submitted Manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding Author, Reviewers, Potential Reviewers, other Editorial Advisers, and the Publisher, as appropriate.


Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

participants in the peer review and publication process, including authors, editors, and reviewers, must disclose all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted Manuscript must not be used in an Editor's own research without the express written consent of the Author.