“Guyub” as a Mediator Between Facilitative Leadership and Global Mindset: A Study of Indonesian State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs)

[“Guyub” Sebagai Mediator Hubungan Antara Kepemimpinan Fasilitatif dan Kesiapan Global: Studi Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) Indonesia]

  • Juliana Murniati Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
  • Edwin Sutamto Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
Abstract Views: 1295 times
PDF - Full Text Downloads: 252 times
Keywords: Indonesian standard culture, budaya standar Indonesia, Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN), State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs), guyub, facilitative leadership, kepemimpinan fasilitatif, global mindset, kesiapan global

Abstract

Indonesian State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) have strategic positions in a number of economic sectors, making it pioneers of Indonesian global excellence. Along with the visions it holds, the leaders of Indonesian State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) must be reliable in business management, always respecting local Indonesian sensibilities. Within the framework of providing an empirical basis in leadership development, this study was aimed at exploring the relationship of facilitative leadership with global mindset, through Indonesian standard culture mediator, in the form of “guyub”. The correlational study, utilizing quantitative analysis, was conducted with 202 employees of two Indonesian State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs). The mediational analysis by Baron and Kenny (1986), with the testing of the scales of influence using Sobel test, showed that facilitative leadership significantly supported global mindset through “guyub”, although the mediating effect was only partial. The implications of the results of this study, for State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs), was the need for the acceleration of the provision of intellectual capital (IC) to achieve optimal ability in managing the global uniformity of businesses, markets, and cultures. Two other forms of capital, i.e., social capital (SC) and psychological capital (PC), as the results of domestic multiculturalism, need to be transformed into global uniformity, by the development of intercultural sensitivity as an active component. 

 

Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) memiliki posisi strategis di sejumlah sektor ekonomi yang menjadikannya sebagai pelopor keunggulan global Indonesia. Sejalan dengan visi yang dimiliki, pemimpin Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) harus handal dalam mengelola bisnis, dengan tetap menjunjung kearifan lokal Indonesia. Dalam rangka menyediakan dasar empiris dalam pengembangan kepemimpinan, studi ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi hubungan kepemimpinan fasilitatif, dengan kesiapan global melalui mediator budaya standar Indonesia berupa “guyub”. Studi korelasional dengan analisis kuantitatif dilaksanakan pada 202 karyawan dua Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) di Indonesia. Analisis mediasi Baron dan Kenny (1986) dengan pengujian besaran pengaruh melalui uji Sobel menunjukkan kepemimpinan fasilitatif signifikan mendorong kesiapan global melalui mediator guyub, namun efek mediasinya bersifat parsial. Implikasi hasil studi ini bagi Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) adalah perlunya mengakselerasi intellectual capital (IC) agar kemampuan dalam mengelola keberagaman bisnis, pasar, dan budaya secara global menjadi optimal. Dua kapita lainnya, social capital (SC) dan psychological capital (PC), sebagai hasil dari multikulturalisme domestik, perlu ditransformasi menjadi keberagaman global, dengan mengembangkan sensitivitas antar budaya sebagai komponen aktif.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adler, N. J., & Gundersen, A. (2008). International dimensions of organizational behavior (5th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Ayuningtias, H. G., Nurbaiti, A., Anggadwita, G., & Putri, M. K. (2016). The corporate university landscape in Indonesia. Proceedings of the 3rd International Seminar and Conference on Learning Organization (ISCLO 2015; isclo-15): 37. https://doi.org/10.2991/isclo-15.2016.37

Bakotić, D. (2016). Relationship between job satisfaction and organisational performance. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 29(1), 118-130. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2016.1163946

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173-1182. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173

Beechler, S., & Javidan, M. (2007). Leading with a global mindset. In M. Javidan, R. M. Steers, & M. A. Hitt (Eds.), The global mindset (Advances in international management, vol. 19) (pp. 131-169). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1571-5027(07)19006-9

Callan, S. (2007). Implications of family-friendly policies for organizational culture: Findings from two case studies. Work, Employment and Society, 21(4), 673-691. https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017007082876

Cole, N., & Nesbeth, K. (2014). Why do international assignments fail? International Studies of Management & Organization, 44(3), 66-79. https://doi.org/10.2753/IMO0020-8825440304

Dorfman, P., Javidan, M., Hanges, P., Dastmalchian, A., & House, R. (2012). GLOBE: A twenty year journey into the intriguing world of culture and leadership. Journal of World Business, 47(4), 504-518. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2012.01.004

Eliyana, A., Ma’arif, S., & Muzakki. (2019). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment effect in the transformational leadership towards employee performance. European Research on Management and Business Economics, 25(3), 144-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iedeen.2019.05.001

Gani, D. S. (2004). Leadership in Indonesia: A case for managing relationship within organizations. In D. Tjosvold, & K. Leung (Eds.), Leading in high growth Asia: Managing relationship for teamwork and change (pp. 195-209). World Scientific. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812562135_0008

Hawksworth, J., Clarry, R., & Audino, H. (2017). The long view: How will the global economic order change by 2050. PricewaterhouseCoopers. https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/world-2050/assets/pwc-world-in-2050-summary-report-feb-2017.pdf

Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., & Minkov, M. (2010). Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind: Intercultural cooperation and its importance for survival (3rd ed.). McGraw-Hill.

House, R. J., Hanges, P. J., Javidan, M., Dorfman, P. W., & Gupta, V. (2004). Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies. SAGE Publications. https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/culture-leadership-and-organizations/book226013

Irawanto, D. W., Ramsey, P. L., & Tweed, D. C. (2012). Exploring paternalistic leadership and its application to the Indonesian public sector. International Journal of Leadership in Public Services, 8(1), 4-20. https://doi.org/10.1108/17479881211230637

Javidan, M., & Bowen, D. (2013). The ‘global mindset’ of managers. Organizational Dynamics, 42(2), 145-155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgdyn.2013.03.008

Javidan, M., & Teagarden, M. B. (2011). Conceptualizing and measuring global mindset. In W. H. Mobley, M. Li, & Y. Wang (Eds.), Advances in global leadership (Vol. 6) (pp. 13-39). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1535-1203(2011)0000006005

Javidan, M., & Walker, J. L. (2012). A whole new global mindset for leadership. People & Strategy: Journal of the Human Resource Planning Society, 35(2), 36-41.

Kementerian Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) Republik Indonesia [The Ministry of the State-Owned Enterprises of the Republic of Indonesia]. (2019). Semangat baru untuk Indonesia: Laporan tahunan 2019 [New spirit for Indonesia: Annual report 2019]. Author. https://bumn.go.id/storage/report/5o29TwcMPfzIRvejO8YpohEt9UAZgki5qcJPW52i.pdf

Lanvin, B., & Monteiro, F. (Eds.) (2019). The global talent competitiveness index 2019: Entrepreneurial talent and global competitiveness. INSEAD, The Adecco Group, and Tata Communications. https://www.insead.edu/sites/default/files/assets/dept/globalindices/docs/GTCI-2019-Report.pdf

Learnlight. (2018). Why 40% of overseas assignments fail and what you can do to prevent it. Learnlight. https://www.learnlight.com/en/articles/overseas-assignments/

Levy, O., Peiperl, M. A., & Jonsen, K. (2016). Cosmopolitanism in a globalized world: An interdisciplinary perspective. In In J. Osland, M. Li, & M. Mendenhall (Eds.), Advances in global leadership (Vol. 9) (pp. 281-323). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1535-120320160000009009

Lewicki, R. J., McAllister, D. J., & Bies, R. J. (1998). Trust and distrust: New relationships and realities. Academy of Management Review, 23(3). https://journals.aom.org/doi/abs/10.5465/amr.1998.926620

Maria, A., & Prim, F. (2016). The 7 fundamentals of highly performed corporate university. Intipesan Pariwara.

McAllister, D. J. (1995). Affect- and cognition-based trust as foundations for interpersonal cooperation in organizations. Academy of Management Journal, 38(1), 24-59. https://doi.org/10.2307/256727 | https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1995-35207-001

Murniati, J, Panggabean, H., & Tjitra, H. (2018). Localizing transformational leadership: A case of Indonesia. Bisnis & Birokrasi: Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi dan Organisasi, 24(3), 110-118. https://doi.org/10.20476/jbb.v24i3.9646 | https://scholarhub.ui.ac.id/jbb/vol24/iss3/1/

Murniati, J, Panggabean, H., & Tjitra, H. (2020). Dua sisi mata uang: Pemimpin dan perubahan [The two sides of currency: Leader and change]. Elex Media Komputindo. https://ebooks.gramedia.com/id/buku/dua-sisi-mata-uang-pemimpin-dan-perubahan?ref=ba79f66765a0aa133b0151bc6fc51c9d

Musielak, L., & Newhouse, M. (2019). Corporate universities: Strategic organizational learning. Inspirant Group, Inc. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.15581.56807

Panggabean, H., Adishesa, M. S., Rocky, Sutamto, E., & Murniati, J. (2019). Studi kompetensi kepemimpinan Nusantara BUMN [Competence study of state-owned enterprise Nusantara leadership] [Unpublished manuscript]. Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya..

Panggabean, H., Tjitra, H., & Murniati, J. (2014). Kearifan lokal keunggulan global: Cakrawala baru di era globalisasi [Local wisdom global excellence: New horizons in the globalization era]. Elex Media Komputindo. https://elexmedia.id/produk/detail/elexmedia2018-Kearifan%20Lokal%20Keunggulan%20Global/9786020256061

Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36(4), 717-731. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03206553

Rusli, R. (2020). Erick Thohir terus efisiensi BUMN: Siaran pers nomor PR-41/S.MBU.33/6/2020 tentang Erick Thohir terus efisiensi BUMN [Erick Thohir continues with state-owned enterprises’ efficiency: Press release number PR-41/S.MBU.33/6/2020 regarding Erick Thohir continues with state-owned enterprises’ efficiency]. Kementerian Badan Usaha Milik Negara Republik Indonesia. https://bumn.go.id/media/press-conference/erick-thohir-terus-efisiensi-bumn-uu

Suryani, A. O., Van de Vijver, F. J. R., Poortinga, Y. H., & Setiadi, B. N. (2012). Indonesian leadership styles: A mixed-methods approach. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 15(4), 290-303. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-839X.2012.01384.x

Thomas, A. (2016). Interkulturelle psychologie: Verstehen und handeln in internationalen kontexten [Intercultural psychology: Understanding and acting in international context]. Hogrefe Publishing Group. https://www.hogrefe.com/de/shop/interkulturelle-psychologie.html#1+1

Tjitra, H., Murniati, J., & Panggabean, H. (2018). Be global: Kiat sukses berkompetisi global [Be global: Tips to succeed in competing globally]. Elex Media Komputindo. https://ebooks.gramedia.com/id/buku/be-global-kiat-sukses-berkompetisi-global

Ward, C., Bochner, S., & Furnham, A. (2020). The psychology of culture shock. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003070696

Zakaria, J. N., & Panggabean, H. (2019). Comparison on global mindset of international and national high school students. Asian Social Science, 15(2), 70-79. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v15n2p70

Published
2023-01-25
How to Cite
Murniati, J., & Sutamto, E. (2023). “Guyub” as a Mediator Between Facilitative Leadership and Global Mindset: A Study of Indonesian State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs): [“Guyub” Sebagai Mediator Hubungan Antara Kepemimpinan Fasilitatif dan Kesiapan Global: Studi Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) Indonesia]. ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal, 38(1), 24-46. https://doi.org/10.24123/aipj.v38i1.2827